English Canadians were very much outsiders when they arrived not long after the French in the early 1600s. An Italian paid by King Henry VII of England did make the first European contact since the Vikings in the 11th century but the age of imperial expansion was well underway by the time the English made any impact. Portugal, Spain and France were miles ahead in the competitive resource grab and only a remarkable series of events made the cultures of Britain and Ireland replace the dominance of the French.
Were your Irish Canadian ancestors among the fishermen arriving in Newfoundland in the late 1600s? Or were they one of the hundreds of thousands at Île de Grâce or Quarantine Island who made up 60% of all migrants to Canada between 1825-1845?
Scottish Canadians were among the first Europeans to arrive. The Kingdom of Scotland established the colony of Nova Scotia in 1621 and among the colonists of New France were Scots traders, merchants, soldiers and farmers- including Abraham Martin dit l’Ecossais, whose name lives on in the famed Plains of Abraham.